University of Minnesota
Center for Holocaust & Genocide Studies



This page is home to digitized versions of video of local Holocaust survivors, American concentration camp liberators, as well as testimonies by second generation Armenians and various lectures that took place at the University of Minnesota and other academic and community institutions.

The University of Minnesota Libraries are subscribers to the Visual History Archive developed by the USC Shoah Foundation institute for Visual History and Education.

Please click here to learn more about the Visual History Archive.

For more information on the digital files on this page please contact us at

Dr. Taner Akcam
Turkish professor Taner Akcam speaking about issues concerning the Turkish Republic's inability to recognize the Armenian massacres as a "genocide," and the moral and ethic problems that go with it. Outakes from TPT-TV show of April 24, 2005, "The Armenian Genocide: 90 Years Later."

Part 1 - 9 MB
Part 2 - 12 MB
Part 3 - 10 MB
Part 4 - 6.7 MB
Part 5 - 8.7 MB

Abraham Alpert
Survivor from Poland who lived in New York and Florida and whose daugher, Sabina Cohen, lives in Minneapolis. Mr. Alpert passed away in 2002.

Two interviews, first in 1990, second in 1996.
Set I: Interviewed by Professor Jonathan Paradise, Jewish Studies, University of Minnesota.

Set II: Interview at University of Wisconsin-River Falls, July 29, 1996 in workshop about the Holocaust.

Set I
Part 1 - 9.3 MB
Part 2 - 10 MB
Part 3 - 9 MB
Part 4 - 7.6 MB
Part 5 - 10.7 MB

Set II
Part 1 - 59 MB
Part 2 - 60 MB
Part 3 - 64 MB
Part 4 - 29 MB

Julius Ancer
Survivor from Konin, Poland who was in a German POW camp in Poland. Ancer relates his own experiences as well as the destruction of Jewish life in his home town.
Julius Ancer passed away on May 7, 2005 in Minneapolis.

Part 1 - 10.6 MB
Part 2 - 9 MB
Part 3 - 11 MB
Part 4 - 11 MB

Lorand Andahazy
Fought in the US Army from D-Day, June, 1944, at the point
of American military penetration of Germany and was a liberator of Nordhausen Concentration Camp. Later he formed the Andahazy Ballet in theTwin Cities.

Part 1 - 5.4 MB
Part 2 - 9.8 MB
Part 3 - 9.6 MB
Part 4 - 9.4 MB
Part 5 - 6.9 MB

The Architecture of Auschwitz by Professor Robert Jan Van Pelt, University of Waterloo, Canada. Van Pelt is the author of THE CASE FOR AUSCHWITZ and with Deborah Dwork, AUSCHWITZ: 1270 TO THE PR ESENT. Van Pelt was a principal witness in the London legal case brought by David Irving against Deborah Lipstadt. The court concluded that Irving was a Holocaust denier.

Part 1 - 9.7 MB
Part 2 - 10.3 MB
Part 3 - 10 MB
Part 4 - 12.4 MB
Part 5 - 11 MB

Fred Baron
Born and raised in Vienna, Mr. Baron was transported to Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen camps, and was taken to Sweden after the Holocaust for physical recuperation.

Part 1 - 8 MB
Part 2- 9.3 MB
Part 3 - 11 MB
Part 4 - 11.3 MB

Harriet Bolian
Minneapolis child of Armenian genocide survivors tells the story of her family's expulsion from Turkey in 1915 and displays elements of family history. Out-takes from TPT-TV show of April 24, 2005, "The Armenian Genocide: 90 Years Later."

Part 1 - 11.8 MB
Part 2 - 7.6 MB
Part 3 - 11.4 MB
Part 4 - 5.5 MB

Alice Lok Cahana
Survivor from Sarvar, Hungary, deported to Auschwitz and later Bergen-Belsen, then taken to Sweden for recovery. Cahana is now recognized as one of the best artists who has attempted to deal with the issue of representation of the Holocaust. Representation of her work can be found on her web page in our Virtual Museum.

2004 Exhibition videos are from the Florida Holocaust Museum in St. Petersburg, where Alice Lok Cahana had a retrospective exhibition. She is shown talking about her art work.

Part 1 - 11.9 MB
Part 2- 10 MB
Part 3 - 7.4 MB

2004 Exhibition
Part I -  3.3 MB
Part 2 - 9.8 MB
Part 3 - 9.7 MB
Part 4 - 10.7 MB
Part 5 - 5.3 MB
Part 6 - 10 MB

The Churches and the Holocaust
Lecture by Dr. Robert Ross from 1990. Ross taught history of the Holocaust for Classical and Near Eastern Studies at the University of Minnesota. An ordained minister, Ross's book "So It Was True," focused on American Christian responses to the Holocaust. Ross died in August 2004.

Part 1 - 11.2 MB
Part 2 - 8.7 MB
Part 3 - 10 MB
Part 4 - 9 MB
Part 5 - 6.8 MB

Comfort Women
Talk by  Byong Moon Kim, Ph. D and Yun Chung-Ok, a retired professor from Ewha Woman's University in Seoul, South Korea, recorded in September 2001 about Korean women used as sexual slaves of the Imperial Japanese army.

Part 1 - 10.5 MB
Part 2 - 8.1 MB
Part 3 - 9.3 MB
Part 4 - 7 MB
Part 5 - 10.8 MB

Interview - 24 MB

Vahakn Dadrian
Noted Armenian scholar of the Armenian Genocide gives a lecture on the impunity of the Ottoman government during the events of 1915, originally called massacres and now generally accepted as "genocidal" by most historians. Dadrian is author of: "German Responsibility in the Armenian Genocide : A Review of the Historical Evidence of German Complicity;""Autopsie du genocide Armennien: entre l'Empire Ottoman et les grandes puissances;" "Warrant for Genocide: Key Elements of Turko-Armenian Conflict;" and "The History of the Armenian Genocide: Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus," among other numerous works.

Part 1 - 9.7 MB
Part 2 - 9 MB
Part 3 - 9.5 MB
Part 4 - 9.5 MB
Part 5 - 8.9 MB

Lucille Eichengreen
Lucille Eichengreen is a native of Hamburg, Germany who was deported into the Lodz Ghetto and survived other camps as well. She has written two books. "From Ashes to Life" and "Rumkowski and the Orphans of the Lodz Ghetto." She currently lives in Berkeley, California.

Note: Interview at seminar with CHGS and Women's Studies at U of M, Spring, 1999. Use maximum volume.

Part 1 - 9.2 MB
Part 2 - 9.2 MB
Part 3 - 10 MB
Part 4 - 9.2 MB
Part 5 - 4.8 MB

Dr. Stephen Feinstein
Comments on Armenian Genocide and issue of recognition. Outtakes from TPT-TV show of April 24, 2005, "The Armenian Genocide: 90 Years Later."

Part 1 - 11 MB
Part 2 - 13 MB
Part 3 - 10.4 MB
Part 4 - 9.7 MB

Dr. Robert Fisch
1. Introduction - "Without freedom, you cannot live life with dignity"
2. Evolution - "I never talked about the Holocaust"
3. Presentation - "Freedom has a price"
4. Impact - "He's enabled each of us to start with ourselves"

For more information on Dr. Fisch visit Light from the Yellow Star.

Videos posted with permission. Light from the Yellow Star Foundation. DVD's and VHS available by contacting CHGS.

Introduction 1 - 8.2 MB
Introduction 2 - 7.4 MB
Introduction 3 - 10.8 MB
Evolution 1 - 9.7 MB
Evolution 2 - 9.8 MB
Presentation 1 -  10 MB
Presentation 2 - 10.8 MB
Impact - 13 MB

Gloria Fredkove
Born Yolanda Bass, was the one of the youngest passengers on the USS Henry Gibbons, a ship that brought over 900 European refugees to the United States in August, 1944. The group was interned in Fort Ontario, Oswego, New York and was supposed to return to Europe after the war ended.

Part 1 - 10.3 MB
Part 2 - 7.4 MB
Part 3 - 13 MB

Harry Friedman, MD
An American military doctor with US Forces in Northern France and Germany after D-Day landings at Omaha Beach in 1945, Friedman was called to Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp near Hannover, Lower Saxony,by the British to aid in the medical relief there. He arrived in Bergen Belsen around May 2, 1945, before the end of the war when the British medical teams were overwhelmed with difficulties in treating the survivors. and in this lecture, shows and explains his own photographs of Bergen-Belsen. Recorded 1983 at Hennepin County Medical Center. His talk starts with some observations about the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising of 1943. Friedman mentions all of the Minnesota doctors involved in medical relief among Allied troops and at Bergen-Belsen.

Part 1 - 4 MB

Jacob Freier
A native of Czestochowa, Poland, Freier recounts his story as a slave laborer in numerous labor camps during the Holocaust.

Introduction - 14.5 MB
Part 1 - 10 MB
Part 2 - 8.4 MB
Part 3 - 11.6 MB
Part 4 - 7 MB

Hedi Fried
A survivor of the Holocaust from the town of Sighet, Hungary, as well as Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. She was taken to Sweden after the war for medical recovery and stayed in Stockholm, where she lives today with her family. Her specialty is working as a psychologist with Holocaust survivors, second generation and other trauma victims.

Part 1 - 10.5 MB
Part 2 - 10.1 MB
Part 3 - 12.8 MB
Part 4 - 8.4 MB
Part 5 - 8.5 MB

Max Goodman
Survivor from Romania, deported to Trans-Nistria, relates story of this unique deportation of Romanian Jews and anti-Semitism in Romania, as well as support in survival from non-Jews.

Part 1 - 8.5 MB
Part 2 - 11 MB
Part 3 - 10.7 MB
Part 4 - 10.7 MB
Part 5 - 8 MB

Rudolph Graichen
Graichen is from a family of Jehovah's Witnesses, who were not racial victims of the Nazis but were jailed because of their religious beliefs and failure to salute the national colors and serve in the army. Withstanding intense pressure to join the Hitler Youth, he was put in reform school, sent to live with a Nazi family, and eventually sentenced to four years in a Nazi prison, more than a year of which was spent in solitary confinement. Graichen, who lives in Texas, details his experiences. Recorded at U of M Summer Institute, 2003.


Part 1 - 12.5 MB
Part 2 - 9 MB
Part 3 - 12.5 MB

Gerda Haas
A survivor from a small town in Germany, Gerda Haas is also author of "Tracking the Holocaust" (Lerner Publications, 1995, ISBN: 0822531577)  and "These I do Remember: Fragments from the Holocaust." (1982 out of print:  ISBN: 0870272039)

In this interview Haas talks about her life and aspects of her book, recommended for grades 6 and up by Library Digest. In this shortened version of Haas's These I Do Remember (Cumberland, 1982; o.p.), eight accounts of heroism, survival, and tragedy have been greatly abbreviated. Here, the author focuses on the historical context of the Holocaust and on tracking Hitler's expansion of power. The inspirational description of her own harrowing escape from Nazi concentration camps begins the book. Also included is a vignette of Fania Fenelon, a French singer whose voice helped her survive Auschwitz. But the other six stories are more briefly told and lack the important detail and emotional impact of Haas's and Fenelon's. Rather than accentuating the tragedies of the Holocaust, the personal experiences melt into the historical narrative. However, full-page maps clarify this information, and the excellent black-and-white photographs help to personalize the sketchy details.

Part 1 - 11 MB
Part 2 - 8.6 MB
Part 3 - 11 MB
Part 4 - 10 MB
Part 5 - 7.6 MB

Mark Hertz
Mr. Hertz was a bombardier in the US Air Force and became a POW in Stalag Luft III near Breslau when his B-17 exploded. A critical event related to the Holocaust was an attempted selection of Jews from others at this POW camp. The allied command in the camp refused to identify Jews and indicated to the Germans that to do so was a violation of the Geneva Convention.

Part 1 - 8.5 MB
Part 2 - 6 MB
Part 3 - 9 MB
Part 4 - 10 MB
Part 5 - 5.7 MB

Fritz Hirschberger
Born and educated in Dresden, expelled from Germany to Krakow in 1938, Hirschberger ultimately served in the Polish "Anders" Army, fighting in North Africa and Italy. He died in January 2004 after having a career as engineer and artist. See the virtual museum for his paintings.

Representation of his work can be found on his web page in our Virtual Museum.

Part 1 - 11.2 MB
Part 2 - 7 MB
Part 3 - 6.9 MB
Part 4 - 7.2 MB
Part 5 - 6.9 MB

New Videos
Part I -  8.9 MB
Part 2 - 7.8 MB
Part 4 - 8 MB
Part 5 - 11.6 MB

Holocaust Aftermaths
Holocaust Survivors, Their Children and Memory. A television production from 2005 produced with Twin Cities Public Television. Holocaust survivors Henry Oertelt and Dora Zaidenweber tell the stories of their survival in the Holocaust while their children, Stephanie Samuels and Roseanne Zaidenweber, talk about how they received the stories of survival as children. Also on the panel is Johanna Sussman, President of the JCRC, and Mort Naiman, Minneapolis Jewish Federation, talking about carrying the message of the Holocaust to future generations. 27 minutes.

Part 1 - 33 MB

Fred Baron
Videotape interview by Mike Greenberg, January 13, 1983. Mr. Baron is from Vienna, Austria, and survived Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen and was transported to Sweden for medical treatment after liberation in April 1945.

Part 1 - 87 MB
Part 2 - 53 MB
Part 3 - 16 MB

Hinda Kibort
Hinda Danziger Kibort was born in Siaulai, Lithuania and had finished her first year at Vilnius University when World War II started. She was slave laborer in the Siaulai ghetto, inmate at Stutthof Concentration camp near Danzig (Gdansk) and was one of the 10 survivors of a machine-gun massacre of 96 women by the SS. Mrs. Kibort died in 2003.

Part 1 - 12 MB
Part 2 - 13.7 MB
Part 3 - 13 MB

Seth Kramer Video (1994)
A project by New York artist Seth Kramer attemptint to count six million grains of rice as a project for the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, shown as part of the New York Jewish Museum exhibition "Too Jewish?" and "Absence/Presence" at the University of Minnesota with permission of the artist.
Part 1 - 20 MB

Diana Kurz
New York artist Diana Kurz was born in Vienna. Her family escaped to the USA. Her art reflects questions of representation about the Holocaust.

Representation of her work can be found on her web page in our Virtual Museum.

Part 1 - 10.7 MB
Part 2 - 10.3 MB
Part 3 - 10.6 MB
Part 4 - 6 MB
Part 5 - 8 MB

Paul Levine - Sweden and Holocaust
Dr. Paul A. Levine is associate professor in history at the Uppsala, Sweden Centre for Holocaust and Genocide Studies. Along with Stefan Bruchfeld, Levine wrote "Tell Yea Your Children," more than 400,000 copies of which were distributed in Sweden and other European countries. He has also published"From Indifference to Activism: Swedish Diplomacy and the Holocaust, 1938-1944" and with David Cesarani eds."Bystanders" London and Portland: Frank Cass, 2002.

Part 1 - 8.7 MB
Part 2 - 10.9 MB
Part 3 - 9.8 MB
Part 4 - 9.5 MB
Part 5 - 6.7 MB

Franklin Littell
Professor Emeritus of Religion at Temple University and Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, Littell is one of the most articulate voices for understanding Christian culpability in the Holocaust. His book, "The Crucifixion of the Jews," is one of the most provocative works. For more information see:
Theology Rising Out of the Holocaust - Sept. 2000 Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
Recorded at University of Wisconsin-Stout, 1994.

Part 1 - 34 MB
Part 2 - 24 MB

Robert Matteson
US 3rd Army, captured Ernst Kaltenbrunner, #2 in SS leadership. Extended interview at University of Wisconsin-River Falls.

Part 1 - 7.8 MB
Part 2 - 9 MB
Part 3 - 3.8 MB
Part 4 - 9 MB
Part 5 - 9 MB
Part 6 - 9.5 MB

Kay Bonner Nee
Served in the American USO (United Service Organization) during World War II entertaining American troops. She drove into Buchenwald Concentration Camp on the day after liberation and recounts what she saw.

Part 1 - 8.4 MB
Part 2 - 8.5 MB
Part 3 - 7.3 MB
Part 4 - 7.6 MB
Part 5 - 10 MB
Part 6 - 10.8 MB

Rosa Nissanholz
Survivor from labor camps in Poland, especially in the region of Czestochowa. Nissanholz currently lives in St. Paul. The largest labor camp in the Czestochowa region was Hasag Pulcery forced labor camp which existed from June 1943 through January 1945.

Part 1 - 10.8 MB
Part 2 - 11 MB
Part 3 - 6.9 MB
Part 4 - 11 MB
Part 5 - 10.3 MB
Part 6 - 10.8 MB

Henry Oertelt
Mr. Oertelt was 13 and living in Berlin with his widowed mother and brother when Hitler came to power in 1933. His talk discusses the rise of anti-Semitism, anti-Jewish laws, his deportation to Terezin, Auschwitz and eventual liberation at Flossenburg. for more information visit his CHGS web page.

Part 1 - 5.3 MB
Part 2 - 10.6 MB
Part 3 - 9 MB
Part 4 - 9.5 MB
Part 5 - 8.6 MB

Anita and Walter Schwartz
Born Anita Stransky  in Bohemia and raised in Prague. Mrs Scwartz was in Switzerland during the Holocaust. However, her father, Fritz Stransky, a lawyer, and her bother perished at Auschwitz. Her mother survived Auschwitz and the two were reunited after the War and lived in Vancouver, Madison, WI., and then St. Paul, MN. Her father's collection of Ex Libris Bookplates were saved by Christian neighbors and are now part of the permanent collection of the Weisman Art Museum at the U of M.

Part 1 - 12.6 MB
Part 2- 7.5 MB
Part 3 - 9.4 MB
Part 4 - 12.7 MB

Apo Torosyan
Armenian-American 2nd generation artist living in the Boston area and born in Istanbul, The clip here is from a longer video available from the artist: "Discovering My Father's Village - Edincik." See his CHGS web page for art work and other information.

Part 1 - 7.6 MB
Part 2 - 7.6 MB
Part 3 - 7.1 MB

Voice to Vision Part I
Holocaust survivors share Experience through Art (Male Survivors) Survivors: Murray Brandys and Joe Grosnacht

Part 1 - 10.6 MB

Voice to Vision Part II
If Nothing Else They'd Hear My Breathing Heart (Female Survivors). Survivors: Gina Kugler, Lucy Smith, Sabina Zimering, MD

Part 2a - 18.3 MB
Part 2b - 15 MB
Part 2c - 12.7 MB
Part 2d - 12 MB
Part 2e - 23 MB

Voice to Vision - TPT MN channel
A 30 minute professionally produced version of Voice to Vision, in partnership with Minnesota Public Television. Features project by Professor David Feinberg, art department, University of Minnesota, Holocaust survivors living in Minnesota and students involved in the project.
Part 1 - 4.4 MB

Felicia Weingarten
Born in 1926 in Lodz, Poland, she was imprisoned in the Lodz Ghetto, transported to Auschwitz and liberated in 1945 at Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp.

Part 1 - 6.3 MB
Part 2 - 8.9 MB
Part 3 - 9 MB
Part 4 - 9 MB
Part 5 - 4.3 MB

Dr. Eric Weitz
Professor of History at U of M and expert on history of genocide comments on aspects of the Armenian Genocide of 1915. Outakes from TPT-TV show of April 24, 2005, "The Armenian Genocide: 90  Years Later."

Part 1 - 9.3 MB
Part 2 - 12.4 MB
Part 3 - 9.6 MB
Part 4 - 9.5 MB
Part 5 - 9.8 MB
Part 6 - 10.6 MB

Warsaw Ghetto
Library of Congress films in public domain from the Library of Congress about the Warsaw Ghetto. Scenes of Jews arriving to registration at the Jewish Council, elders of the Jews, posters warning of epidemics, crowded conditions in the ghetto, mass burials. Film is believed to have been done by the SS administration of the ghetto for use in propaganda films. There is no sound.

Part 1 - 11.7 MB
Part 2 - 11.6 MB
Part 3 - 12.4 MB
Part 4 - 12 MB
Part 5 - 13.5 MB

Witness and Legacy
Short flim about the exhibition curated by Stephen Feinstein that traveled from 1995-2002 to 17 museum sites. Video tape available free for payment of postage. See the CHGS web site.

Part 1 - 11 MB
Part 2 - 12 MB

Chacke Yeterian Scallen and Massis Yeterian
Sister and brother from Minneapolis, both children of survivors, were born in Baghdad and tell the story of their family's survival in 1915.Outakes from TPT-TV show of April 24, 2005, "The Armenian Genocide: 90 Years Later."

Part 1 - 10.2 MB
Part 2 - 9 MB
Part 3 - 9 MB
Part 4 - 10 MB
Part 5 - 10.5 MB

Dora Zaidenweber
Survivor of the Radom Ghetto, Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen relates her story and reflections on the Holocaust.

Part 1 - 10.8 MB
Part 2 - 9 MB
Part 3 - 9 MB
Part 4 - 11.9 MB

Jules Zaidenweber
Husband of Dora Zaidenweber. The two were married in the Radom ghetto, 1943. Jules was also deported to Auschwitz and later to Dachau.

Part 1 - 8.1 MB
Part 2 - 10.6 MB
Part 3 - 10.4 MB
Part 4 - 7.4 MB
Part 5 - 9.4 MB
Part 6 - 5.7 MB

Sabina Zimering
Originally from Piatrokow, Poland, Sabina and her sister survived World War II and the Holocaust by pretending to be Polish workers and were hired in a hotel in Regensberg, Germany. Her story is related in the memoir, "Hiding in the Open." See related sites under "Minnesotans and the Holocaust.

Part 1 - 6.7 MB
Part 2 - 9 MB
Part 3 - 4 MB
Part 4 - 9 MB
Part 5 - 8.4 MB
Part 6 - 6 MB

Sonia Zyroff
Survivor from Chortkov/Czortkow, Ukraine who settled in Duluth, Minnesota. She describes her escape from a mass shooting of the Jews in her town.

Part 1 - 12.4 MB
Part 2 - 11.6 MB
Part 3 - 8.5 MB
Part 4 - 6.8 MB
Part 5 - 12 MB
Part 6 - 11 MB
Part 7 - 8.4 MB