Center for Holocaust & Genocide Studies
The Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies (CHGS) promotes academic research, education and public awareness on the Shoah, other genocides and current forms of mass violence. Your generous support is key to maintaining the important work of the Center, advancing the hightest quality of scholarship, programs, and educational resources.
CHGS guides and mentors undergraduate and graduate students by organizing courses and workshops, offering grants and fellowships and providing unique opportunities for interaction with leading experts in the field. To find out more click here.
Professional and Educational Resources
CHGS supports educators through interactive workshops and institutes, facilitated by leading experts of Holocaust and genocide education. CHGS's website offers a myriad of resources for teaching age appropriate lessons about the Holocaust and genocide. To learn more click here.
Deportation in the Armenian Genocide: TMORA special exhibition, June 20-22
The Museum of Russian Art (TMORA) in Minneapolis, MN, in collaboration with the St. Sahag Armenian Church of St. Paul, Minnesota, will host a three-day exhibition dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, open from June 20 to June 22, 2015. The materials for the exhibition were provided by the Armenian National Institute, an organization focusing on “the study, research and affirmation of the Armenian genocide.” This exhibition, THE FIRST DEPORTATION: THE GERMAN RAILWAY, THE AMERICAN HOSPITAL, AND THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE is a project of the Armenian National Institute, Armenian Genocide Museum of America, and
Armenian Assembly of America.
The exhibit reveals various facets of the genocide, including the deportations, executions, massacres, murders, starvation, extermination and destruction. It also documents the immediate aftermath of the atrocities, attesting to the catastrophic destruction of the Armenian society in the Ottoman Turkish Empire. The scale and depth of the uprooting of the Armenian people are revealed through twenty-four panels filled with photographs, documents and explanatory texts.
The deportation of 1915. The entire Armenian population of eight
towns—about 170,000 in total—had been put on the road.
The First Deportation: The German Railway, The American Hospital, and the Armenian Genocide is made possible by the voters of Minnesota through a Minnesota State Arts Board Operating Support grant, thanks to a legislative appropriation from the arts and cultural heritage fund, and a grant from the Wells Fargo Foundation Minnesota.
Holocaust Education in a Global Context Teacher Workshop, June 15-18
The genocide of the Jews during World War II has become a global reference point to raise awareness about state violence and human rights abuses. This summer institute will explore the opportunities and challenges of Holocaust education and memorialization in diverse cultural contexts, particularly in heterogeneous classrooms in which students have no connection with the history of the Jewish people and Nazi crimes.
The institute will address the historical and sociological significance of the Holocaust in a comparative genocide framework (Native American, Armenian, Cambodian and Rwandan genocides) and provide hands on activities - with survivor testimony, literature, art and film - designed to help educators create activities and lessons accessible to all learners that they can incorporate into their classrooms.
Monday, June 15
8:30 - 9:00 -- Registration
9:00 - 9:30 -- Introduction (Alejandro Baer)
9:30 - 12:00 -- Brief History of the Holocaust (Adam Blackler)
12:00 - 1:00 -- Lunch
1:00 - 3:30 -- The Crime of Genocide: Definition, Ambivalences, Implications (Alejandro Baer)
Tuesday, June 16
9:00 - 12:00 -- Colonial Genocides and the Holocaust: Continuities and Breaches (Elizabeth Baer)
12:00 - 1:00 -- Lunch
1:00 - 3:30 -- Global Holocaust Memory: Challenges and Opportunities (Alejandro Baer)
Wednesday, June 17
9:00 - 12:00 -- Gender and Memory in the Holocaust (Elizabeth Baer)
12:00 - 1:00 -- Lunch
1:00 - 3:30 -- Field Trip: Guided Tour of Bdote site, Ft. Snelling State Park (Sandy Geshick)
Thursday, June 18
9:00 - 10:00 -- Cambodia
10:00 - 11:00 -- Presentation of Holocaust / Genocide education resources at CHGS and other sites
11:00 - 12:00 -- Teaching and Research with Audiovisual Testimonials
12:00 - 1:00 -- Lunch
1:00 - 2:30 -- Presentation of Best Practices
2:30 - 3:30 -- Group Discussion about application in classrooms. Course feedback, follow-up
Registration is full
Courses of interest for the Fall 2015 semester
GER 1905 -- Freshman Seminar: Remediating the Holocaust (Leslie Morris, Th 4:40-7:10pm, Kolthoff Hall 139)
HIST 3727 -- History of the Holocaust (Melissa Kelley, M/W 9:45-11:00am, Nicholson 110)
GCC 3002 -- Grand Challenges: Beyond Atrocity - Political Reconciliation, Collective Memories and Justice (Alejandro Baer, Catherine Cuisan, Tu/Th 11:15-12:30pm, Anderson Hall 330)
SOC 4104 -- Crime and Human Rights (Joachim Savelsberg, Tu/Th 2:30-3:45pm, Blegen 225)
AMIN 1001 -- American Indian Peoples in the United States (Tu/Th 1:00-2:15, Elliott N647)
AMIN 1003 -- American Indians in Minnesota (multiple listings)
HIST 3872 -- American Indian History since 1830 (W 6:20-8:30, Blegen 110)
HIST 5940 -- Topics in Asian History: Cultures of Modernity and Memories of the Past in East Asia (Liping Wang, W 3:35-5:30, Carlson 1-122)
POL 8260 -- Topics in Political Theory: Colonialism (Th 3:35-5:20pm, Soc Sci 1383)
POL 8860 -- Topics in Comparative Politics: Authoritarian Regimes (David Samuels, Tu 1:25-3:20pm, Blegen 330)
SPAN 3221 -- Interpreting Colonial Latin America: Empire and Early Modernity (Raul Marrero-Fente, Tu/Thu 1:00-2:15pm, Nicholson 120)
Daniel Levy "The Past: Between History and Memory" | Keynote as part of International Symposium on the 70th Anniversary of the Conclusion of WWII in Europe
Friday, May 8, 2015
War, what is it good for? Uses and Abuses of Second World War History
University of Minnesota
In 1969 Edwin Starr famously asked "war, what is it good for?" and answered "absolutely nothing." Regardless of whether organized violence is ever a good way to achieve various political goals, war history is often usable past in the present. Second World War as the "good war" or the "great patriotic war" can be put to many uses by contemporary political actors. This event discusses the actual and potential uses of second world war history 70 years after war's end in Europe. The one-day symposium will address the usage of war history in both, international and domestic politics. For the international sphere our main focus is on the use of the war in contemporary European politics, especially in Russia, Central and Eastern Europe, the West, and in relations between them. Is history politics just continuation of war by other means or can war history be used to build peaceful relations between former enemies? In domestic sphere WWII history is mostly used to construct unified nations, but in the symposium we analyze how war history has been or could be used in emancipatory ways to empower marginalized groups within societies.
Keynote by Professor Daniel Levy (Sociology, Stony Brook University, and author of Memory Unbound: The Holocaust and the Formation of Cosmopolitan Memory): "The Past: Between History and Memory".
Social Sciences 710
Welcome words: Matti Jutila, Alejandro Baer
Keynote: Daniel Levy (Sociology, Stony Brook University)
"The Past: Between History and Memory"
The connection between history and memory has a long and contentious relationship. Recent scholarship associated with the so-called third wave of memory studies is challenging some of the historiographical presuppositions of what a past consists of. This talk will address some of these trajectories and advance a number of conceptual suggestions.
Comments and discussion: Thomas Wolfe, Matti Jutila, Erma Nezirevic
Afternoon session 1: International History Politics in Europe
Heller Hall 1210
Thomas Wolfe (History, University of Minnesota): "Putin's History"
How do authoritarian regimes both need and ignore the writing of history? Putin's Russia offers on the one hand a striking example of a regime building an image of its deep historical roots in Russia's past, including aspects of the Soviet past, and particularly the Great Patriotic War. But at the same time the regime has no interest in acknowledging the past as something "unknown," or as something for which people might mobilize themselves for change. Our discussion will try to unpack this paradox.
Juhana Aunesluoma (Political History, University of Helsinki): "All Quiet on the Western Front? European Identity, Wold War II and Politics of Remembrance in Western Europe"
In the 1990s the memory of the Holocaust was introduced under the concept of European cultural heritage. Auschwitz and similar sites were added on EU-managed lists of monuments of European cultural heritage. However, there have also been calls to include places like Dresden as appropriate places of mourning and remembrance, highlighting the suffering of ordinary Germans during the war. While the forms and boundaries of the politics of remembrance in contemporary Europe have been extended to include diverse groups and also victims of Stalinist terror, it has not been easy to integrate the dark shadows of Europe's past in all their complexity into notions of European identity and a common European cultural heritage.
Afternoon session 2: Politics of New Forms of Commemoration
Heller Hall 1210
Rick McCormick (German, Scandinavian and Dutch, University of Minnesota): "From the 'Rubble Film' to the 'Heritage Film' and Beyond: Representations of WWII and the Holocaust in German Cinema"
The very first post-WWII German film, made in the Soviet zone of Berlin, attempted to deal with Nazi war crimes, but it also focused on a traumatized German soldier as a victim of the Nazis rather than telling the story of the woman in the film who helps to heal him, who is herself a former concentration camp inmate. German attempts to deal with the Nazi past in film on both sides of the Cold War served different political agendas but were mostly silent about the plight of the Jews. In the aftermath of the surprising impact in West Germany of the American miniseries Holocaust in the late 1970s, and later, after German unification, the huge success of Spielberg's film Schindler's List in the early 1990s, things changed. Since the late 1990s the plight of the Jews is almost always thematized in big-budget historical films about WWII made in Germany, but these so-called "heritage" films seem to be marketing a past that is safely sealed off from the present. One recent example is the TV miniseries Generation War (Unsere Muetter, unsere Vaeter), which includes a Jewish character, albeit a not very plausible one, among its protagonists. But this kind of "heritage" narrative is also critiqued by some younger filmmakers.
Jodi Elowitz: "Creating an Archive for a New Generation: The Holocaust Memory as Illustrated in Animated Short Films"
Have we reached our limit on the use of the traditional images of the archive in representing the Holocaust in documentary film? How will filmmakers engage the next generation of viewers to invite them to watch narratives of the Holocaust? I believe the answer lies in the use of artistic representation in the form of animated short films. In this presentation I will explore how animation is replacing the use of traditional archival footage in order to create new imagery based on the representation and memory that has been shaped by the limited photographic and film record of the Holocaust.
Afternoon session 3: Empowering the Marginalized
Heller Hall 1210
Elaine May (American Studies, University of Minnesota): "Women on the Home Front"
World War II opened up many new opportunities for women to pursue work and other social, sexual, and public activities that had not been available to them prior to the war. This presentation will open up discussion on the ways in which women's lives changed during the war, and the extent to which those changes carried forward into the postwar era.
Matti Jutila (Political Science, University of Minnesota): "Diverse Country, Diverse Soldiers, Homogenic War Narrative: Diversifying Finnish WWII History Politics"
The hegemonic Finnish WWII narrative presents Finnish soldiers as white, Finnish speaking, Christian (Evangelical Lutheran), heterosexual men. Relying on this image, Finnish populist right uses war history in its nationalist, anti-immigration politics. In my presentation I will address the war experiences of Muslim, Jewish, Roma, Russian and gay soldiers in the Finnish armed forces and discuss the potential uses of this history in supporting an inclusive, multicultural society today.
Heller Hall 1210
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