University of Minnesota
Center for Holocaust & Genocide Studies


  • Toby Knobel Fluek

    Toby Knobel Fluek

    Memories of My Life in a Polish Village, 1930-1949

    Toby Knobel Fluek was born Czernica, Poland, near Lvov.  She and her family were driven out by the German invasion and forced into the ghetto in the town of Brody. She survived the Holocaust, came to the United States in 1949 and now lives in New York.  Her paintings of her childhood are unique, as they provide not only a chronology of daily life in her village, but also some remarkable Jewish "still life" paintings of objects that are unique as Holocaust memories.

    our kitchen

    Our Kitchen



    rekindling the embers

    Rekindling the Embers

    going to school

    Going to School

    red potatos

    Red Potatoes

    my uncle mordche

    My Uncle Mordche

    grocery shopping

    Grocery Shopping

    baking challah

    Baking Challah

    Lighting Sabbath Candles

    Lighting Sabbath Candles

    the tallis

    The Tallis

    cleaning utensils

    Cleaning Utensils

    passover pots

    Passover Pots

    the basket with eggs

    The Basket With Eggs

    making charoses

    Making Charoses

    our seder

    Our Seder



    shlogn capores

    Shlogn Kapores



    woman carrying water

    Woman Carrying Water

    the samover

    The Samovar

    Site constructed with permission of the artist.