University of Minnesota
Center for Holocaust & Genocide Studies


Terezin Camp

Theresienstadt (Terezin) was built in the 19th century and named after Austrian Empress Maria Theresa. It served as a fortress and a prison. The most famous inmate was Gavrilo Prinzip, assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. That assassination was one of the causes of World War I.

When Germany annexed Bohemia and Moravia as the "Protectorate" in 1939, the Czech population of Terezin was moved out and it became a ghetto/concentration camp. The minutes of the Wannsee Conference (January 20, 1942) referred to the camp as the old aage ghetto for the Jews. Jewish intellectuals, artists, children and others were sent to this camp. The streets were renamed with numbers and letters and conditions were very overcrowded. Near the ghetto Terezin was the Little Fortress which housed prisoners who was subject to torture for offenses in the ghetto.

Entrance with "Arbeit Mach Frei" sign ("Work Liberates") found in most concentration camps

Main Street

Barracks in Little Fortress

Appelplatz in Little Fortress

Visiting group from Denmark in Little Fortress

Barracks and shelves for Inmates

Bathrooms in Little Fortress

Terezin Ghetto, Building G-201

Cemetery with large cross. The cross has caused controversy because most of the victims were Jews

Rows of headstones in graveyard, Little Fortress

More Information on Terezin



Henry_Oertelt_-_ An_Unbroken_Chain

Nazi Philatelics

For other monuments see: