University of Minnesota
Center for Holocaust & Genocide Studies


Gallery IV

An Art in Public Space Project by artists Renata Stih and Frider Schnock, Berlin, Germany.

Gallery I
Gallery II
Gallery III
Gallery IV

Jewish Members of Greater German Chess Club are Expelled. July 9, 1933

Chess Board

"My Powder Box is a personal reminder for you. Use it often and think of me." With deep sorrow, Else Stern before deportation. Jan. 16, 1942

Woman's powder case

Radios are confiscated from Jews. Sept. 23, 1939

"Peoples Radio" Volksempfanger

Jews are not allowed to join German Auto Club

Luggage Tags

Jews cannot be certified as midwives. Dec. 12, 1938


In Bakeries and Cafes, signs must be posted stating that Jews and Poles may not purchase cakes. Feb. 14, 1942


Drivers licenses or automobile registration belonging to Jews are void and must be returned. Dec. 3, 1938.

Car Keys

Jews may no longer work as independent craftsmen. Nov 12, 1938.


Eggs are no longer sold to Jews. June 22, 1942. No fresh milk for Jews. July 10, 1942

Milk Can

First mass deportation of Berlin Jews. Oct. 18, 1941; first deportation directly to Auschwitz. July 11, 1942.

Deutsche Reichbahn Sign

All Jews must adopt the names "Israel" for men and "Sara" for women as additional first names. Aug 17, 1938.

First names

Jewish Communities are responsible for clearing rubble at synagogues which have been destroyed. Reconstruction is forbidden. March 24, 1939.

Wall detail

Jews forbidden to buy meat, meat products and other rationed food. Sept. 18, 1942

Sausages. Sept. 18, 1942

Jews cannot use beaches at Wannsee. Aug. 23, 1933.


For related sites with more historical information on the exhibition, see:

Remembrance in Schöneberg* hschnock.html*

Stih & Schnock

For other monuments see: