University of Minnesota
Center for Holocaust & Genocide Studies
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CHGS

Visualizing Otherness I - Set 2

Visualizing Otherness: Nazi and other use of visual representation - Continued

(click on image to enlarge).

family loewy postcard

Judaica Anti-Semitic German Postcard - "Family Löwy"  Postcard 1898.s

Translation for image on the left: The Latest Hit: Haven't you seen the little Cohn.

anti-semitic postcard

Judaica Austrian Anti-Semitic Jewish Postcard

"From Vulture to Meier" in German. Meier is a common Jewish German first name which rhymes with the word for vulture "Geier". Postally used 1900. This card was sent from Karlsbad to Olmutz in the Austro-Hunagian Empire.

a collection of steins

Anti-Semitic Mailed 1909 EBECo Lithograph.

early anti-semitic postcard

Judaica, early anti-Semitic PC, Krakow,1899

An anti-Semitic postcard in Polish, mailed from Krakow.

early anti-semitic postcard

Judaica, Illustrated post card, anti-Semitic,Germany.

An Illustrated post card published in Munchen, Germany  in the twenties, titled: "Hirsch im Moor" (Hirsch in a mud bath).

1913 anti-semitic postcard

Judaica, anti-Semitic postcard, Karlsbad, 1913

An illustrated postcard depicting Caricatures of Jews in the act of infidelity, with a little poem attached.

advertising card

Judaica, advertising card

An advertising card issued by R.W. Bell Mfg. Co. in Buffalo, NY, illustrating a caricature of a Jewish man.

advertising card

Judaica,anti-Semitic PC,Jewish volunteers, 1906

A post card dealing with the physical condition of Jewish volunteers to the Army, showing them practicing in a Gym.

postcard

Judaica, anti-Semitic Postcard, Germany

A post card depicting a caricature of a Jew and his baby and reading: "Der Rosenbaum und sein Ableger" (The Rosenbaum and his off spring).

1628 Description of the City of Strasbourg and the Medieval Holocaust from "Cosmographen" by Sebastian Munster

(Woodcut from original). Single woodcut leaf from "Cosmographia" by Sebastian Munster. German edition; Basel printing house of Sebastian Heinrich-Petri 1628. Book V, pages 867/868.

Cosmographen 1628 aCosmographen 1628 bCosmographen 1628 c

Sebastian Munster (1488-1552) was a German cartographer, cosmographer, and Hebrew scholar whose Cosmographia (1544; "Cosmography") was the earliest German description of the world and a major work - after the Nuremberg Chronicle of 1493 - in the revival of geographic thought in 16th-century Europe. Altogether, about 40 editions of the Cosmographia appeared during 1544-1628.

The struggle for power between its citizens and the bishops of Argentine (Henry de Stahelick and Gaultier de Geroltzerck) is discussed in detail (second paragraph on p. 868). The conflict ended with a bloodbath: 60 nobelmen and many towsnmen lost their lives. However, by far the most dramatic is the story of the massacre of the Jews of Strasbourg.

In 1348 there appeared in Europe a devastating plague which is reported to have killed off ultimately twenty-five million people. By the fall of that year the rumor was current that these deaths were due to an international conspiracy of Jewry to poison Christendom. It was reported that the leaders in the Jewish metropolis of Toledo had initiated the plot and that one of the chief conspirators was a Rabbi Peyret who had his headquarters in Chambry, Savoy, whence he dispatched his poisoners to France, Switzerland, and Italy. In Strasbourg, the patrician municipality sought to protect the Jews, and at the end of 1348, when rumors spread that the Jews were poisoning the wells to spread the plague, the council of Strasbourg remained convinced of their innocence and took up their defense. On Feb. 9, 1349, however, Mayor Peter Swarber, and two counselors were compelled by the craftsmen to resign. On February 13, the new council decided to burn the Jews. According to tradition, the decision was enforced on Saturday, February 14, when 2,000 Jews perished. The only ones spared were those who accepted baptism; however, a number of those converts were the victims of a new persecution in the summer of 1349, when the plague actually reached the town and took a heavy toll of lives. On Sept. 12, 1349, Emperor Charles IV officially pardoned the town for the massacre of the Jews and the plunder of their possessions.

Jacob von Konigshofen (1346-1420), a chronicler, wrote the following in "Cremation of the Strasbourg Jews":

"On Saturday . . . they burnt the Jews on a wooden platform in their cemetery. There were about two thousand people of them. Those who wanted to baptize themselves were spared. [Some say that about a thousand accepted baptism.] Many small children were taken out of the fire and baptized against the will of their fathers and mothers. And everything that was owed to the Jews was cancelled, and the Jews had to surrender all pledges and notes that they had taken for debts. The council, however, took the cash that the Jews possessed and divided it among the working-men proportionately. The money was indeed the thing that killed the Jews. If they had been poor and if the feudal lords had not been in debt to them, they would not have been burnt...."

Thus were the Jews burnt at Strasbourg, and in the same year in all the cities of the Rhine, whether Free Cities or Imperial Cities or cities belonging to the lords. In some towns they burnt the Jews after a trial, in others, without a trial. In some cities the Jews themselves set fire to their houses and cremated themselves.

Munster gives a account of the Strasbourg massacre (he probably knew von Konigshofen's writing). There is a woodcut (3" x 2 1/4") showing the burning of the Jews ("Die Juden werden verbrennt"). The remaining part of page 868 discusses how the English (Engllander) army of 40,000 men plundered Alsace (especially Selestat and Colmar) in 1365 and, again, in 1375.