University of Minnesota
Center for Holocaust & Genocide Studies
chgs@umn.edu
612-624-0256


CHGS

Armenian Genocide

Editorial Cartoons of the Armenian Genocide

Introduction

The Armenian genocide of 1915-1922, then referred to as the "Armenian Massacres" (with a prior history of pogrom-like killings in 1894-97 and again in Adana in 1909 referred to as "massacres") was closely followed in the Western Press. There are actually more journalistic articles in the American press than during the Holocaust.

This site includes a number of politcal cartoons that illustrate the plight of the Armenians. Some of the cartoons refer to what is perceived to be a bloody history even before 1915, with references to Sultan Abdul Hamid II as "The Red Sultan." Others deal with the deportation and mass murder of the Armenians and the politics of World War I and the post-war period, when an attempt was made to create an independent Armenia under the Mandate of the League of Nations and the United States--sometimes called the "Wilson Armenian Award."

Section III, Article 62 of the Treaty of Sevres (1920) which did not go into force and was succeeded by the Treaty of Lausanne indicated the following regarding Eastern Anatolia, now part of the Turkish Republic:

"A Commission sitting at Constantinople and composed of three members appointed by the British, French and Italian Governments respectively shall draft within six months from the coming into force of the present Treaty a scheme of local autonomy for the predominantly Kurdish areas lying east of the Euphrates, south of the southern boundary of Armenia as it may be hereafter determined, and north of the frontier of Turkey with Syria and Mesopotamia, as defined in Article 27, II (2) and (3). If unanimity cannot be secured on any question, it will be referred by the members of the Commission to their respective Governments. The scheme shall contain full safeguards for the protection of the Assyro-Chaldeans and other racial or religious minorities within these areas, and with this object a Commission composed of British, French, Italian, Persian and Kurdish representatives shall visit the spot to examine and decide what rectifications, if any, should be made in the Turkish frontier where, under the provisions of the present Treaty, that frontier coincides with that of Persia."

Article 64 said: "If within one year from the coming into force of the present Treaty the Kurdish peoples within the areas defined in Article 62 shall address themselves to the Council of the League of Nations in such a manner as to show that a majority of the population of these areas desires independence from Turkey, and if the Council then considers that these peoples are capable of such independence and recommends that it should be granted to them, Turkey hereby agrees to execute such a recommendation, and to renounce all rights and title over these areas."

Article 89 of the same treaty stipulated: "Turkey and Armenia as well as the other High Contracting Parties agree to submit to the arbitration of the President of the United States of America the question of the frontier to be fixed between Turkey and Armenia in the vilayets of Erzerum, Trebizond, Van and Bitlis, and to accept his decision thereupon, as well as any stipulations he may prescribe as to access for Armenia to the sea, and as to the demilitarisation of any portion of Turkish territory adjacent to the said frontier."

However, the plan for an American mandate failed when the U.S. Senate failed to ratify the treaties of the Paris Peace Conference. After the end of the war between Turkey and Greece, Turkey was established as a Republic. The Armenian lands, now devoid of Armenians, became part of the Turkish Republic. However, the residents, mainly Kurds, referred to it as Turkish Kurdistan while for a long time, the Turkish Republic's officials tried and failed to construct the Kurds as "Mountain Turks."

allianze
Nix on entangling alliance No. 1.

bird whish
Have this bird whished on you?

brooklyn eagle

djemal pasha
Djemal Pasha - A turkish Ivanoff

doorstep
Trying to leave it on your doorstep

enfer pasha
Enfer Pasha

Europa to the new sultan
Europa (to the new Sultan)

william at constantinople
William at Constantinople

get out
"Get out! You're breaking my heart!"

go away
Go away!

Our Ward
Our Ward?

idle tears
Tears, idle tears!

inturrupt
"It ain't polite to interrupt!"

greatest martyr
Prohibition's Greatest Martyr

waiting the signal
Waiting the Signal?

place in line
He'll have to take his place in the line.

raising monuments
Raising their monument

realization
Realization

the core
The Core

the only throne left
The only throne left to him

turks
The Turk - "How many Armenians are left?"

turkey limited
Turkey Limited

vacant chair
The Vacant Chair

via dolorosa
Via Dolorosa

human race
Top - There was a time when the whole human race was interested in Armenia

Bottom - But now the human race is interested elsewhere

Allies
First Ally - These from a London Zeppelin raid.

Second Ally - These from the Armenians.

Armenian Massacre
From Dayton Ohio Daily Newspaper, 1924, after the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne, which allowed the Turkish Republic to not bear the responsibility for the Armenian Genocide (then called massacres) in the Ottoman Empire.

Editorial Cartoons on this page: an answer to Turkish Denials: Quotations and Carictures from her majesty The Media (1896-1923) compiled by John Ahmaranian.

More Cartoons and Posters